The Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ) requirement specifies the lowest quantity of a certain product that a supplier is willing to sell.
The Units of Measurement (UOM) requirement specifies case size or multiple used for ordering. For example, if a variant needs to be ordered in multiples of 50, then UOM will display the quantity to order on a purchase order as 50, 100, 150, etc based on the replenishment recommendation. Note that UOM will be a number entered, not text such as 'case' or 'pallet'.
When MOQ and/or UOM is specified it does not change replenishment numbers for variants that are shown on the Replenishment section of Inventory Planner. However when the variant is added to a purchase order and the quantity is below the MOQ or outside of the UOM, it's automatically rounded up to the MOQ or UOM number as appropriate.
How to set Minimum Order Quantity (MOQ)
This can be set under Vendors > Settings with different options. (After selecting a specific vendor, scroll down on the vendor settings page to see MOQ options.)
- For Purchase Orders: This applies the MOQ to the total Purchase Order for the selected vendor. If the total quantity order is less than the value entered in the "Minimum Order Quantity per Purchase Order" field under Vendor > Settings, a warning will appear in red on the Purchase Order.
- For Variants or Products: this applies MOQ to the Variant (child) or Product (parent) level. This value can be entered on the Vendor > Variants, or it can be uploaded in a spreadsheet on the Replenishment screen as part of the vendor catalog (Import > Single Vendor Catalog).
When a MOQ is specified it does not change replenishment numbers for products. However if the product is added to a purchase order and the quantity is below the MOQ - it is automatically rounded up to the MOQ number.
How to add Units of Measurement (UOM)
The Units of Measurement (UOM) requirement specifies the granularity of variants and is used when variants are purchased in boxes or other multiples.
This can also be set manually on the Vendors -> Vendor Name -> Variants page or uploaded as the part of a vendor catalog.
When a variant with UOM is added to a purchase order quantities are automatically converted up to the next UOM number. E.g. when the UOM is set to 10 and the replenishment number is 45 it will be converted to 50 (5 packs of 10 items each).